The mystery of the ‘alien plughole’ on Mars

american_geophysical_union

An ‘alien plughole’ on Mars that has baffled scientists could have a simple explanation.

Astronomers claim the strange crater, which has a terraced rather than bowl pattern, has been created by water ice.

To confirm their theory, researchers found an enormous slab of water ice just beneath the crater, measuring 130ft (40 metre) thick.

The slab, which covers an area equivalent to that of California and Texas combined, was spotted by Nasa’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, or MRO. ‘Craters should be bowl shaped, but this one had terraces in the wall,’ says Ali Bramson, a graduate student in the University of Arizona’s Lunar and Planetary Laboratory.

mars

Terraces can form when there are layers of different materials in the planet’s subsurface, such as dirt, ice or rock. ‘When the crater is forming, the shock wave from an object hitting a planet’s surface propagates differently depending on what substrates are beneath the area of impact,’ Bramson says.

‘If you have a weaker material in one layer, the shock wave can push out that material more easily, and the result is terracing at the interface between the weaker and stronger materials.’ ‘It’s worth mentioning that terraced craters of this size are quite rare,’ added Shane Byrne, associate professor in LPL.

In this area of Mars, named Arcadia Planitia, scientists have discovered a number of other terraced craters.

‘The craters may have formed at different times, but they all have terraces, which indicates something weird is going on in the subsurface,’ said Byrne. Thanks to Mars’ unstable obliquity – the degree the planet tilts on its axis – its climate changes often.

One Response to “The mystery of the ‘alien plughole’ on Mars”

  1. No no, it’s a hangar for the same Alien UFO’s that made the Face. Anybody who denies it is part of the conspiracy, so obviously they WOULD deny it… 🙂 Joking aside, it’s just so COOL that, when we see something that looks unusual, it’s usually fairly quickly explained – and by obvious science! I think a large part of that – certainly with some of the curious features we’ve seen on Mars – flows from the increasing volume of data now available. It’s building a quite comprehensive picture of a kind we didn’t have even 5 years ago, making everything more obviously explicable.

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